The withering workforce

Next year, Europe’s working-age population will start shrinking. We set out the policy challenges.

Figures and projections for Europe’s population have an unremitting quality. Every four or five years, life expectancy lengthens by a year. In 2010, 16% of the population was over 65, 4% over 80. By 2060, 29% will be over 65 and 11% will be over 80. Over that period, the median age of Europeans will rise from 39.8 to 47.2.

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