The European Commission is reviewing the European Union’s rules on copyright. This timely special report discusses what is at stake, who stands to lose and to gain, and explains why.
- Copyrights and wrongs
- Who are copyright holders?
- A short history of EU copyright reform plans
Reform of the EU’s copyright rules has been a hot topic for years, but with no effect. That may be about to change.
Copyright is big business for Europe, and its scope extends far beyond authors and performers.
Aborted reforms and bitter divisions over copyright are not new, nor is the need to update copyright law as technology changes.
- Copyright: old rules in a digital age Technological advances have put Europe’s copyright laws to the test.
- Copyright: a cross-border conundrum Being able to gain access to content in one country but not another is frustrating for consumers and legislators alike.
- Copyright winners and losers An ongoing competition case could force member states to clarify their positions on copyright reform.
- Copyright – defending creativity Most stakeholders agree that authors and performers are under-remunerated under the current system, but there is disagreement over how to respond.
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To unfold its full economic and social potential, sport needs a solid and enforceable copyright framework, not a weakened one.
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European Voice’s special report examines how climate change policy is developing outside the confines of inter-governmental talks. Increasingly, the private sector is shaping climate-change thinking – and arguably to greater effect.
- Climate change: after the cold snap Combating climate change has slipped way down as a priority for many politicians and companies. A major climate summit could change that.
- Anatomy of a climate deal EU leaders have made a commitment to cut emissions, but the deal is riddled with compromises.
- Climate change: the long road to Paris Paris 2015 is the big international climate summit, but much of its success rests on a meeting in Peru later this year.
- Climate champion Connie Hedegaard moves on The first European commissioner dedicated to climate change, whose term ended on 1 November, says there have been victories and frustrations over her five years in office.
- Forests face the brunt of changes in the weather An increased likelihood of prolonged drought, extreme storms and flooding will pose a serious challenge for Europe’s forests.
- Private sector picks up the pieces Many regional governments and businesses have played their part in tackling climate change.
Establishing a strategic healthcare policy for the European Union.
- Healthcare: old problems, new threats
- Paying the price for ill-health
- Advancing technology in healthcare
- The healthcare sector's budgetary breakdown
Healthcare systems across Europe were feeling the pressure long before the Ebola crisis imposed new strains.
How to get better value in healthcare – and to ease disparities between health systems in member states – is driving healthcare thinking in the EU.
Technology has brought a sudden wave of new routes to transforming healthcare, but can doctors and patients keep up with innovation?
The EU is taking a much greater role in making sure member states spend more wisely on healthcare, while also balancing the books.
- Teamwork helps improve healthcare treatment Failings in the EU’s response to the 2011 avian flu pandemic have led to a greater level of co-operation among member states.
- The downward spiral of health inequality
- Resource inefficiency in healthcare
- Power to the patients Patients’ groups are having more of a say over healthcare, but that may be only part of the answer.
- How much is too much when paying for healthcare? National health authorities take very different views on the price, availability and effectiveness of medicines.
- Cheap, but not cheerful drug-pricing
- Out with the old health policy
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This article is part of a series looking at challenges facing the health systems in six European countries.
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- Erasmus+ means more mobility The structure of the Erasmus programme has changed, giving students more opportunities to study abroad.
- Bologna looks to the future A review of the Bologna process for higher education reform is long overdue.
- Knowledge alliances roll out across Europe Commission searches for projects that bring together higher education and the workplace.
- Studying the EU at a distance Students as far afield as the United States and New Zealand are keeping a close eye on developments in the European Union.
On 10 September, Jean-Claude Juncker unveiled the most significant shake-up of the European Commission's organisational structure in years. Here is European Voice's take on the new Commission college.
- A brave (though flawed) attempt at a shake-up
- Juncker deals out the pack
- Juncker’s careful balancing act
Juncker has made a serious attempt at reform, but has taken several gambles.
Timmermans given significant powers as Juncker's right-hand man and changes made to Commission departments.
Juncker had to take many issues into consideration when assigning the Commission portfolios.
- Juncker's portfolio assignments: the reaction Jean-Claude Juncker unveiled his portfolio assignments today and announced a restructuring of the commission into teams. European Voice has been collecting the reactions.
- MEPs threaten to get tough Judging by early reactions there are some commissioner nominees who may face strong resistance in the Parliament.
- Juncker seeks greater control over foreign policy The high representative will move to the European Commission headquarters and half of her cabinet must be made up of Commission staff.
- Juncker's health plans drive a wedge between partners Commission reorganisation announcement prompts health NGO to pull out of plans to create a health intergroup in the European Parliament
- Juncker's plan would 'shut down environmental policy', campaigners warn Business groups have welcomed Juncker's new 'streamlined' Commission structure, but green campaigners have decried the loss of dedicated environment and climate commissioners.
- National media reaction to Juncker's allocation of portfolios While the division of some of the posts came as a surprise, the reaction from media in the member states has been largely positive.
Examining the world of public affairs in and around the EU.
- Public affairs is not an exact science
- A decade of change in EU public affairs
- Switching professions: politician to public affairs practitioner
Estimates put the number of lobbyists in Brussels at around 30,000 but calculations of their impact are still more vague.
Public affairs organisations have switched their focus to MEPs and changed their tactics to get the best results.
Do ex-MEPs become lobbyists because they are suited to the task, or because they are unsuitable for anything else?
- Cultural differences affect practices in the public affairs industry Lobbying in Brussels has developed into a unique practice incorporating the norms and regulations of other countries.
- Roman Catholic lobby Spurring the Roman Catholic lobby into action.
- Using social media in public affairs Creating grassroots momentum behind the reform of fisheries rules that was being proposed by the European Commission.
- Data protection and aggressive lobbying The moment that hard-nosed US lobbying arrived in Brussels.
- Making the public affairs sector more transparent The Joint Transparency Register has made the public affairs sector more open, but there are limits to what it can achieve.
- Public affairs: a small revolution, still turning Maros Sefcovic believes that there have been improvements to the conduct of public affairs around the EU.
Exploring EU migration, including what the statistics reveal, how member states are reacting to migration and the need for an EU model to manage it.
- Is the EU experiencing a great migration crisis?
Europeans are unhappy with their governments’ migration policy, and many are blaming the EU.
- Is EU migration getting out of control? The figures on asylum and other forms of migration in the EU are dramatic, but are they still manageable?
- Tough immigration rules threaten economic growth Growing skill shortages and an ageing working force pose problems for growth within the European Union, while emerging economies will ramp up competition for talent and labour.
- Migration: what the polls are saying Opinion polls provide a snapshot of Europe's anti-immigration mood.
- Finding a way to manage migration Trends and policies are converging, but no European model of management has yet emerged.
- Why citizenship matters when it comes to migration Rainer Bauböck, professor of social and political theory at the European University Institute in Florence, tells Toby Vogel why citizenship is an important factor in immigrant integration and outlines some recent changes to the concept of EU citizenship.
Tackling climate change, car-makers concerns and the shift from road to rail.
- Decarbonising road transport: the road to cleaner fuel
- Burden-sharing: is road transport paying its fair share?
- Car CO2 limits – what is feasible?
How can the EU reduce emissions from transport while keeping the economy moving?
Defining the role of industrial sectors in tackling climate change has been a consistently hot topic in recent years.
Carmakers have cried foul about EU plans to limit carbon dioxide emissions from cars, but green groups say that such measures can have impressive results.
Publication of this report has been made possible by the CommentVisions debate series, in partnership with Shell. The sponsor has no control over the content, for which European Voice retains full editorial responsibility.
- In ranking fuel quality, can companies go it alone? The EU is trying to ensure that oil companies play their part in reducing the pollution emitted by transport.
- Stalled biofuel proposal is on the road again Disagreement over the environmental damage caused by certain types of biofuel is provoking warnings of damage to a promising industry.
- Shifting journeys from road to rail The Commission is pushing for a shift from road to rail, but not everyone agrees.
- Clean fuel infrastructure Consumers will not buy expensive electric vehicles if they fear that the distances they can travel will be limited by an absence of recharging or refuelling facilities.
A look at Italy's domestic politics, relationship with the EU and the agenda for the next six months at the helm of the Council of Ministers.
- Right place, right time for Italy?
- Grand ambitions for the Italian presidency
- Italy's agenda
- Italy's domestic politics
- Matteo Renzi – prime minister
Italy’s government will want to show off its strengths during its six months at the helm of the Council, but may be distracted by the EU’s institutional disputes.
According to the Italians, nothing is off-limits for discussion during the next six months, including treaty change.
Italy's priorities at home and at the EU level.
Great things are expected of Matteo Renzi, who has charm as well as a ruthless streak.
Italy's prime minister has momentum. How will he use it?
- Pier Carlo Padoan – Italy's finance minister Renzi plucked his minister of finance from the number two position at the OECD to do a job that few appear prepared to do.
- Federica Mogherini – Italy's foreign minister Italy’s foreign minister comes to office with a strong interest in the Middle East and defence issues.
- Gian Luca Galletti – environment minister Italy's minister for the environment and protection of land and sea
- Federica Guidi – Italy's minister for economic development Guidi is an arrival from the private sector, where she was CEO of a global engineering firm and vice-president of Confindustria.
- Stefano Sannino – permanent representative to the EU Profile of Italy's permanent representative to the EU.
- Italy's environment policy The Italian government has a lot of work to do to improve its environmental record.
- Italy's economy under reform Doubts remain whether Renzi's reforms can stop two decades of decline in the the world's ninth largest economy and fourth largest borrower.
- Italy – a magnet for migrants With more arrivals in the first half of this year than in the entire last year, Italy is determined to discuss the fundamentals of the EU's migration policy.
- Italy: previous presidencies of the EU's Council of Ministers
In the aftermath of the elections to the European Parliament, this special report looks at how the 2014-19 term is shaping up, with country-by-country statistics, political party results and a list of the casualties.
- Grand coalition likely as gap between two main groups narrows
EPP and S&D are the two largest groups, with the other groups having varying degrees of success in the elections.
- How to make friends and influence people The composition of the next European Parliament is far from certain, with several national parties planning to change groups.
- Voter turnout shows negligible improvement on 2009 level The average turnout across Europe was almost exactly the same as in 2009. But rates varied greatly across the EU.
- The electoral fortunes of the EPP and the S&D How did the main centre-right and centre-left groups fare in the European Parliament elections?
- A good election for ALDE, GUE or the ECR? The election fortunes of three groups in the European Parliament.
- How the election went for the Greens, EFD and non-aligned Analysis of the European Parliament election results for two groups and the parties that have yet to find – or don't want to join – a group.
- Room at the top The leadership of the new Parliament will have many new faces.